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Examining and answering some hardline Church of Christ myths and false teachings


CHURCH OF CHRIST: What about James 2:24 and ‘not justified by faith only’?


SOURCE: Members of the Church of Christ will sometimes cite James 2:24 as ‘proof’ that the believer’s justification is not by faith alone.

Here they will point out that ‘this is the only passage in the Bible where these two words (faith & alone) come together, and the Bible is very clear when it says that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only.’

Keep in mind that context of James 2:24 is dealing with Abraham, and this verse concerns the time when Abraham was about to offer up his son Isaac upon the altar.

And here James asks the rhetorical question, “Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar?”
It is here that I’d like to pose a question as it relates to the context.
Is this passage talking about Abraham’s (forensic or legal) justification where God ‘deemed, or declared Abraham as righteous’, or is the passage talking about Abraham being justified (shown, deemed, or declared as righteousness) before men?

This is a very relevant question because Romans 4 tells us that Abraham was justified before God long before Isaac was even born,

And it wasn’t by his works, but rather by his faith!
The point of all this is that the justification found in James 2:24 concerns a completely different time, circumstance, and event, which was over 20 years after the justification where “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
James 2:24 says, “Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar?”
Yes, Abraham was justified by his works-
But was he justified (shown, deemed, or declared “as righteous”) before God or before men?

Anyone who understands James 2:24 to be talking about Abraham’s legal or forensic  justification before God has a real problem, because when Paul talks about Abraham’s justification in Romans 4, he makes it very clear that justification before God is not by works:

For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”  Romans 4:3

Unless Scripture contradicts itself— and it doesn’t since it is God’s inerrant Word, James 2:24 cannot be talking about Abraham’s legal or forensic justification before God, but rather about being ‘shown, deemed, or declared as righteous’ before men.

Looking at the context, Abraham’s justification before men by works “fulfilled” his positional justification before God, which was by faith years before.
In other words, because of his faith God ‘deemed and declared Abraham as righteous’, and he was righteous in his position; this was a legal and binding act. However, when Abraham offered up Isaac, he was living his life experience before men in a manner that was consistent with his position.
“Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar? Do you see that faith was working together with his works, and by works faith was made perfect?  And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness” James 2:21-24

But there’s another point that relates to the words only and alone.

The NKJV reads: “You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only.”

The Greek word translated only here is monon, which is an adverb.
Adverbs modify adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs.
Adverbs do not modify nouns.
Adjectives modify nouns.
We know that this is an adverb (monon) and not an adjective (monhs) since Greek has a different forms for each word.
Hodges makes this comment concerning the adverb monon used here in James 2:24
“The Greek adverb “only” (monon) … does not qualify (i.e., modify) the word faith, since the form would then have been monhs. As an adverb, however, it modifies the verb justified implied in the second clause [“and not only justified by faith”]. In other words, James is saying that a by-faith justification is not the only kind of justification there is. There is also a by-works justification. The former type is before God; the latter type is before men.” 
Thus, we might paraphrase the sense of Jas 2:24 in this way: ‘You see then that a man is justified by works, and not only justified by faith.’
Hodges also makes a helpful observation that this distinction is also found in Paul’s writings in Romans 4:2. The apostle tells us that there is such a thing as “works” justification before men, but not before God:
“For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
Thus, the only way a man can be justified before God is by faith.
1) Zane C. Hodges, The Epistle of James: Proven Character Through Testing (Irving, TX: Grace Evangelical Society, 1994), 71
2) Zane C. Hodges, The Gospel Under Siege: Faith and Works in Tension, Second Edition (Dallas: Redención Viva, 1992), 34

20 Ways to Know You Attend A Hardline Church of Christ

20 Ways copy2SOURCE: 1. Believe or assume that man is born basically ‘good’ or morally neutral, and does not have a prior inclination or predisposition to sin or to do evil.

Answer: “For just as through the disobedience of the one man (Adam) the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man (Jesus Christ) the many will be made righteous.” Romans 5:19

“…I delight in the law of God according to the inward man. But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?” Romans 7:21-24

“For God has bound all men over to disobedience so that He may have mercy on them all.” Romans 11:32

2. Believe that the unsaved, natural man can understand and respond to the gospel of Jesus Christ without the inner working of the Holy Spirit.

Answer: “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him.” John 6:44

“But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” 1 Cor. 2:14

3. Believe that if a person will simply try and apply themselves that we have the ability in our own strength to live every day without sinning.

Answer: “The heart is deceitful above all things, And desperately wicked; Who can know it?” Jeremiah 17:9

“There is not a righteous man on earth who does what is right and never sins.” Ecc. 7:20

“There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.” Romans 3:10-12

“…for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,” Romans 3:23

4. Believe that to be saved, all a person needs to do is cooperate and be obedient to all the necessary moral and religious requirements of the New Testament.

Answer: “And if by grace, then it (salvation) is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.” Romans 11:6

“For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law. But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.” Galatians 3:21

“For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast.” Eph. 2:8-9

5. Believe that the definition of baptism (to dip, to plunge, or immerse) only means to be dipped, plunged, or immersed in the medium of water.

Answer: “He (Jesus) commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.” Acts 1:4-5

“For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body- whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free- and have all been made to drink into one Spirit.” 1 Cor. 12:13

Author’s note: Water baptism is simply the believer’s outward sign or symbol of the true, actual, or Holy Spirit baptism that occurs at the moment of conversion.

6. Find it difficult to explain how that John the Baptist said he baptized with water, but there was One coming after him (that is, Jesus) who would baptize with the Holy Spirit.

Read the rest of this entry

The Dark Side of the Hardline Church of Christ

A Facebook friend did a good video on some of the bad things about the Church of Christ hardliners. Logan does a good job here.

EX-CHURCH OF CHRIST TESTIMONY: Brandon Thomas – How2BecomeAChristian TV

Tonight I interviewed former Church of Christ pastor Brandon Thomas. He grew up in the CoC and was a member for 26 years before he left. He is no longer CoC although he did just interview for a pastor job at a CoC church. We talked about his time in the hardline CoC, his transition to the non-hardline CoC and eventually to become non-CoC. We looked into some Church of Christ doctrine and then we talked about his sports and street ministry.

EX-CHURCH OF CHRIST TESTIMONY: Tyler Morgan – How2BecomeAChristian TV

Tonight I did my first apologetics TV show @ It turned out good. I interviewed ex-Church of Christ member Tyler Clay Morgan​ on how he was an atheist, got saved in a CoC church, got abused and then became a Lutheran, and some about his pro wrestling career. Tyler did a great job and was very personable and I thank him for coming on the show and helping me kick things off. I will have CoC pastor and reformer Brandon J. Thomas​ on this Tuesday @ 8pm central time for my second show and I will be doing a weekly show every week at that time. You can follow the show several ways on the site. Please do so if you would like to watch future shows. Announcement post will go out a few hours before each show. THANKS -Damon.

The Parable of the Pharisee and the Baptized Believer

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And he spoke a parable unto certain men who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others.

Two men entered a church building to pray; the one a Pharisee and the other a baptized believer.

The Pharisee went to the front row, stood and prayed thus with himself.

God, I thank thee that I am not as other men are, Baptists, Methodists, Pentecostals, or even as this liberal. I assemble thrice a week, taking communion every Sunday and only on Sunday. I give liberally and cheerfully to the church treasury every Sunday and only on Sunday. I refuse to allow any food, except unleavened bread and unfermented grape juice, to enter this most holy building, even after services have been dismissed, and I refuse to call the room where communion is prepared a kitchen, even though it has kitchen cabinets, a kitchen sink, and a refrigerator. I sing psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs (except those mentioning Christ’s birth) without the aid or addition of musical instruments, or choirs. I refuse to help orphans or any other non-Christian (one who doesn’t believe exactly as I do) out of the church treasury. I refuse to support a missionary society or any other so called Christian institution out of the church treasury, and I wouldn’t even think of building something as sinful as a fellowship hall. I use the one and only scriptural name for the church even though those liberals, whom I lovingly refer to as erring brethren (sinners condemned to hell – James 5:19, 20), also use the same name. I bind certain examples and inferences (those which help me to add to your list of sins, thus condemning others who don’t agree with me) making them equal to your commandments. I speak only where the Bible speaks, and am silent where the Bible is silent (except for those sins mentioned above which I have added to the doctrine in order to set myself apart from all those despised denominations and liberals). I refuse to accept the definitions of words such as “psalms,” “aid,” or “denomination.” I am open minded to study and questions but I always throw out some intimidating verses such as 2 John 9, 10 in order to discourage and condemn those who dare to disagree with me, or question one of my added sins. If they persist to question me I accuse them of being weak, not a mature Christian as myself, and suggest that they are trying to justify some other sin in their life. I tell them not to raise these questions in class lest some weaker brother be made to stumble. If all these intimidations fail I declare that they have a problem with authority and threaten withdrawal. I then declare them to be false teachers and announce to the brotherhood worldwide that since they disagree with me these troublemakers have fallen from grace, and should be shunned. I know that because I do all these works that I am one of the few that will go to heaven when I die, leaving all those self-proclaimed Christians who disagree with me on any point to burn in hell.

And the baptized believer, sitting on the back pew, bowed his head saying;

Father, I pray in Christ’s name that you be merciful unto me and forgive me my many sins.

Which of these men went home justified?


Why Are There So Many Churches ANSWERED

Exposing The Deceptive Claims Made in The Following Hardline Church of Christ Video


1 Corintians 11:19 “But, of course, there must be divisions among you so that you who have God’s approval will be recognized!” (NLT)

When someone ask the question WHY ARE THERE SO MANY CHURCHES they usually are not interested in seeking an honest answer to the question. But rather they ask the question to go on to say (1) Christianity is divided. (2) God wants unity in His church not division (3) and their group is the Only True Christian Church. This is the case with the video above and the website that is produced by the hardline Church of Christ (CoC) organization World Video Bible School. This site seeks to examine that video and it’s exclusive claims and inferences in detail. (Please note: Not all congregations in the CoC denomination believe they are the One True Church. The ones that do are called “hardliners” among the CoC’s who do not say the CoC is the One True Church)


In case you have not viewed the 26 minute video above that we are about to examine, the video starts off with 5 interviews where people ask certain loaded questions about denominations and churches. The narrator, Don Blackwell, then starts off by asking a series of more loaded questions. Those questions follow and we will look at and answer a couple of them first before we look into some of the false claims made in the video.

“Have you ever wondered why there are so many different churches and practices and beliefs? Is it possible that every denomination is right? Does God approve of this kind of division and confusion? And does it even really matter? Why are there so many different churches? Does it matter to God? Is He pleased with the current situation in the religious world?“

“Is it possible that every denomination is right?”

denomination unityIf your watching the video up until this point you already get a feel that the answer to this question is supposed to be no. The looks on the peoples faces who are interviewed, the tone of Mr. Blackwell’s voice and his body language are already telegraphing the message that this video is leading up to, that “there are approximately 38,000 different churches” and “you have one church over here that is teaching this practice and another church that is teaching the opposite. One church says that item A is sinful and another church says that item A is mandatory. Who is right? Can they both be right?“. The answer is YES THEY CAN if a clear distinction is made and kept between essential doctrines of the faith and non-essential doctrines of the faith, and orthodoxy and heterodoxy.

“Have you ever wondered why there are so many different churches and practices and beliefs?”

There are many groups that teach and think they are the One and Only True Christian Church. And the main point of this hardline CoC video is to say “we are advocating that men leave all denominations and simply be a part of the one church of Christ“. In other words they are claiming to be the One True Church, “the one that we read about in the Bible” and “the one wherein is salvation“. But real Christian churches do not say they are “the” “one True Church” or “the” “body of Christ”. Rather they are united with other churches and denominations around the essential and cardinal doctrines of the historical Christian faith. Real Christian churches and denominations have the freedom of diversity in non-essential doctrines. They know they are only a part of the Church of God and only a part of the body of Christ. As an old adage says, “In Essentials Unity, In Non-essentials Liberty and in All Things Love”. Some Churches of Christ and their members see the church and body of Christ is not a “blood bought institution” but rather it’s an incorporeal, invisible and spiritual group of blood bought individuals. The CoC’s who see themselves as THE One True Church and do not follow orthodox Christian doctrine are not really Christian. Like other groups who do not follow orthodoxy and claim to be the One True Church, the Hardline CoC is really a Cult.

What-is-the-church-of-christ-imageCult Apologetics pioneer Walter Martin defined a cult as follows, in his 1955 book “The Rise of the Cults: An Introductory Guide to the Non-Christian Cults”, Martin gave the following definition of a cult – “By cultism we mean the adherence to doctrines which are pointedly contradictory to orthodox Christianity and which yet claim the distinction of either tracing their origin to orthodox sources or of being in essential harmony with those sources. Cultism, in short, is any major deviation from orthodox Christianity relative to the cardinal doctrines of the Christian faith.”

These “essential Christian doctrines” are almost universally agreed among cult apologetics ministries to be 1. The Trinity 2. The full deity and humanity of Christ 3. The spiritual lostness (need for salvation) of the human race 4. The substitution atonement and bodily resurrection of Christ 5. Salvation by grace through faith alone in Christ alone.

Here is the Watchman Fellowship’s 2001 Index of Cults and Religions listing for the Churches of Christ. “Churches of Christ: The independent Churches of Christ movement was one of several associations and denominations that developed from Alexander Campbell, Walter Scott and Barton W. Stone’s restoration movement of the early 19th century, which was designed to promote unity among Protestants. Many (but not all) Churches of Christ today, however, differ from traditional Protestant doctrine in two key areas. Many maintain that water baptism and/or other commandments (rather than salvation by grace through faith alone) are a requirement for salvation (see Baptismal regeneration, Salvation by works). Some also believe that today’s Churches of Christ are the only true churches on earth and that they can literally trace their history to the first century church in Jerusalem”. This is why some CoC congregations belong to the Kingdom of The Cults.


38000-christian-denominations-good-luck-choosing-the-right-oneAfter the opening testimonies and the questions posed by the presenter the video then goes on to say “If I were to ask you exactly how many different churches exist in the world today… what would you say? You would probably say, “I don’t know…A lot I guess.” And that would be right. There are a lot! In fact I looked this up recently. I found that there are approximately 38,000 different churches. 38,000! Friends, that is amazing“. But this IS NOT true!!!

That there are that many denominations is a lie created and propagated by Roman Catholic Apologist claiming there are 38,000 differing “Protestant denominations”. They make this claim to say that the Sola Scriptura of the Protestant Reformation is divisive in nature, protestants are divided so therefore they must be the One True Church. This lie is then repeated by other groups and while the specific number of denominations that may be claimed can be higher or lower than the 38,000 number, this false claim is made often by many groups who claim to be the One True Church.

Roman Catholic apologist get their numbers from the “World Christian Encyclopedia” (WCE) by David B. Barrett. Because the 2,400 page, 2-volume WCE is $320 new, we will have to rely on secondary sources to see why the 38,000 denomination claim is nowhere near true. The two sources we will look at are a book written by a Protestant called “Upon This Slippery Rock: Countering Roman Catholic Claims to Authority” by Eric Svendsen (see an applicable excerpt here), and a “Facts and Stats Sheet” provided by a RCC Apologist where much of the info in the WCE is detailed for us to see. To grasp what I am about to say might require you to spend sometime looking at those last two links. I will refer to these resources as the “Protestant resource” and the “RCC Resource”.

statistics how to lie withIt is readily apparent after studying the RCC resource that the WCE is not really a good resource to determine how many Christian denominations there actually are. Denominations are not defined correctly and are categorized by country, race and other non-helpful sub-categories to show a way over-bloated result.

The RCC resource says the statistics are subdivided into “6 major ecclesiastico-cultural mega-blocs”. Those mega-blocs are Independents (about 22000), Protestants (about 9000), “Marginals” (about 1600), Orthodox (781), Roman Catholics (242) and Anglicans (168). When looking at the first “mega-bloc” we see there are not really 22,000 “independent denominations” there. To come to the 22, 000 number they include “single autonomous congregations”, “isolated radio churches”, “house-church networks” and they use race as a sub-category. In other words there are African, Black American, Filipino, and Indian Apostolics and there are African, Black American and Chinese Charismatics etc. The categories are inappropriate to determine how many denominations there are because they even include “hidden Buddhist believers in Christ” and “hidden Hindu believers in Christ”. All of these 6 major mega-blocs of information have the same problems. And the “marginal” category with “about 1600 denominations” are not really Christian denominations, but Christian pseudo Cults.

To get a better understanding of how many denominations there really are let’s refer to the Protestant resource by Eric Svendsen. Svendsen says in his book Upon This Slippery Rock, “Barrett identifies seven major ecclesiastical “blocs” under which these 22,190 distinct denominations fall (Barrett, 14-15): (1) Roman Catholicism, which accounts for 223 denominations; (2) Protestant, which accounts for 8,196 denominations; (3) Orthodox, which accounts for 580 denominations; (4) Non-White Indigenous, which accounts for 10,956 denominations; (5) Anglican, which accounts for 240 denominations; (6) Marginal Protestant, which includes Jehovah s Witnesses, Mormons, New Age groups, and all cults (Barrett, 14), and which accounts for 1,490 denominations; and (7) Catholic (Non-Roman), which accounts for 504 denominations”.

jumping to concusionsSvendsen then says “Barrett indicates that what he means by “denomination” is any ecclesial body that retains a “jurisdiction” (i.e., semi-autonomy). As an example, Baptist denominations comprise approximately 321 of the total Protestant figure. In other words, if there are ten Independent Baptist churches in a given city, even though all of them are identical in belief and practice, each one is counted as a separate denomination due to its autonomy in jurisdiction. This same principle applies to all independent or semi-independent denominations. And even beyond this, all Independent Baptist denominations are counted separately from all other Baptist denominations, even though there might not be a dime’s worth of difference among them. The same principle is operative in Barrett’s count of Roman Catholic denominations. He cites 194 Latin-rite denominations in 1970, by which Barrett means separate jurisdictions (or diocese). Again, a distinction is made on the basis of jurisdiction, rather than differing beliefs and practices”.

“However Barrett has defined “denomination,” it is clear that he does not think of these as major distinctions; for that is something he reserves for another category. In addition to the seven major ecclesiastical “blocs” (mentioned above), Barrett breaks down each of these traditions into smaller units that might have significant differences (what he calls “major ecclesiastical traditions,” and what we might normally call a true denomination) (Barrett, 14). Referring again to our seven major ecclesiastical “blocs” (mentioned above, but this time in reverse order): For (1) Catholic (Non-Roman), there are four traditions, including Catholic Apostolic, Reformed Catholic, Old Catholic, and Conservative Catholic; for (2) Marginal Protestants, there are six traditions; for (3) Anglican, there are six traditions; for (4) Non-White Indigenous, which encompasses third-world peoples (among whom can be found traces of Christianity mixed with the major tenets of their indigenous pagan religions), there are twenty traditions, including a branch of Reformed Catholic and a branch of Conservative Catholic; for (5) Orthodox, there are nineteen traditions; for (6) Protestant, there are twenty-one traditions; and for (7) Roman Catholic, there are sixteen traditions, including Latin-rite local, Latin-rite catholic, Latin/Eastern-rite local, Latin/Eastern-rite catholic, Syro-Malabarese, Ukrainian, Romanian, Maronite, Melkite, Chaldean, Ruthenian, Hungarian, plural Oriental rites, Syro-Malankarese, Slovak, and Coptic. It is important to note here that Barrett places these sixteen Roman Catholic traditions (i.e., true denominations) on the very same level as the twenty-one Protestant traditions (i.e., true denominations). In other words, the true count of real denominations within Protestantism is twenty-one, whereas the true count of real denominations within Roman Catholic is sixteen. Combined with the other major ecclesiastical blocs, that puts the total number of actual denominations in the world at ninety-two obviously nowhere near the 23,000 or 25,000 figure that Roman Catholic apologists constantly assert and that figure of ninety-two denominations includes the sixteen denominations of Roman Catholicism (Barrett, 15)!”

To put this into perspective the Protestant resource goes on to say “Roman Catholic apologists have hurriedly, carelessly – and, as a result, irresponsibly – glanced at Barrett’s work, found a large number (22,189), and arrived at all sorts of absurdities that Barrett never concluded”. The hardline Church of Christ is guilty of perpetuating these ill-conceived and false numbers about denominations so they can go onto say they are the One True Church, like many other groups do.

beloeve halfTo sum up this section, it is obvious that we cannot determine if the WCE is a good resource to refer to when trying to determine the number of Christian denominations there are actually in the world without buying the massive encyclopedia and studying it in full detail. Without looking at the WCE for ourselves and having to rely the these two best resources I found we cannot know for sure that he is correct when Svendsen’s Protestant resource says that Barret and the WCE went on to further define the number of denominations by defining traditions and “major ecclesiastical traditions” separately to come up with his number of “ninety-two actual denominations”. But that number seems allot more possible and plausible than the obviously over-inflated numbers that RCC apologist and other exclusive authoritarian groups irresponsibly throw around. After all how did you answer Blackburn’s question of “If I were to ask you exactly how many different churches exist in the world today… what would you say?“. You probably guessed allot but not 38,000 denominations “all teaching opposite things”. I thought of less than a dozen differing denominations off the top of my head. How about you?


mine is the true gospelThe underlying insinuation in the 38,000 denomination claim is that the CoC is united while others are not. But this is very far from the truth. While the American Restoration Movement of the early 19th century started off with the good intention of bringing Unity, the whole movement quickly became detrimental and antithetical to Christianity Unity. In fact many of the major Christian pseudo Cults of today that claim to be the one true “restored” church and “gospel” can be traced to originate in the Restoration Movement. We have already shown that real Christian denominations are United Within Diversity, later we will look further into why the restoration was not needed, why Restorationism itself is heresy, and how there was no alleged “Great Apostasy” of the true Christian church. But first let’s look at the inference that there is unity within the CoC.

The presenter Blackburn will eventually get around to stating the commonly heard CoC 5 step plan of salvation which is “Hear, Believe, Repent, Confess, and Baptism“. But this is by no means the standard CoC plan of salvation. Many CoCers include living a faithful christian life, growing in the faith or continuing in the way of Jesus as a 6th step. And Walter Stone originally had 6 steps in his plan of salvation which he said was “Faith, Repentance, Baptism, Remission of Sins, Gift of the Holy Spirit and Eternal Life”. But before he had 6 steps Scott only had 3 steps in his plan and they were “Believe, Repent and Be Baptized”. Scott later made his steps of salvation into a “five finger exercise” that was easy enough for kids to remember and use, which was “faith, repentance, baptism, remission of sins, gift of the Holy Spirit.” And today many CoC’s argue over if there should be a sixth step and what that sixth step should be if so. This causes much division within the CoC with many saying other CoC’s are not the real church.

we leave churches because of worship styleEven if you do the the plan of salvation, which ever one it is, then according to many hardline CoCers your still not saved unless you adhere to their “5 acts of worship” which are “singing, giving, preaching, praying and taking the Lords supper”. And this is where division really comes to bear in the CoC. Many CoC’s think that if other CoC’s do not worship just as they do then they are not really a part of the One True Church or saved.

One CoC writer named Cecil Hook list 100 issues that have caused splits and divisions within the CoC in his book Free In Christ. Hook then goes on to say there are 11 “big” issues “over which we have created open divisions, aligning brethren in different sectarian, exclusive groups“. Those issues are “1. use of Sunday School classes. 2. use of women teachers. 3. use of multiple communion cups. 4. premillennialism. 5. congregations cooperating in evangelism through a sponsoring church. 6. supporting Christian orphanages from the local treasury. 7. speaking in tongues. 8. cooking and eating in the church building. 9. the “located minister” system. 10. the use of instrumental music in worship. 11. the use of missionary, benevolent, and other types of societies or organizations to carry out Christian activities“. You can see the CoC becomes legalistic and divides over many non-essential issues.

Another CoC writer named Jay Guin says in his book Do We Teach Another Gospel “You see, in teaching that certain doctrines other than the gospel are essential to salvation, we’re effectively saying that to be saved, you not only must hear, believe, repent, confess, and be baptized, you must also join a congregation with a scriptural name, with a scriptural organization, and with a scriptural pattern of worship. Thus, if your home church has an elder who might not be properly qualified, or your church does something in worship that might lack authorization, you must change congregations or else lose your soul! I know Christians who have left their local congregation and take communion weekly at home rather than risk damnation by joining an unscriptural Church of Christ” (pg 57). Guin then concludes that the harline CoC does indeed teach another Gospel saying “I fail to see how insisting on these rules as conditions to salvation is any different from insisting on circumcision as a condition to salvation. Either way, you’re insisting on obedience to a law in addition to the gospel. The gospel is meant to take us away from legalism, and the imposition of any rule as a requirement for salvation—even a single morally neutral rule—beyond the gospel is a return to legalism and damnation” (pg 57). All these different CoC “Gospels” can be wrong but they cannot all be right. Also see this Wikipedia article to learn more about the 3 big splits in the CoC.


great-falling-away1Groups such as the Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses and Seventh Day Adventist all make the claim there was a “great apostasy” of the Christian church and they have brought about the “restoration” of the “ancient gospel”, in other words they are the One True Church – or the “Remnant Church” in SDA terminology. They all have their own scenarios as to how and when this alleged great apostasy happened. One thing that is most important in investigating their claim is to realize that they never start off by showing how their particular gospel was taught in early church history. They skip this crucial step of establishing historicity and go right into their spiel as to how and when this so-called great apostasy happened. But it is really all smoke and mirrors. The Christian church did not experience a total apostasy requiring a restoration of the faith.

Mr. Blackburn says “God knew that divisions would come. In fact, the Bible foretells of it and warns against it several times“. But several verses tell us that God’s church will not experience a total or great apostacy, at least until the later days. Even two of the very verses that the video uses tell us this. Matthew 16:18 says “And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it“. But they leave out the last part of the verse that says the gates of hell will not prevail against the Lords church. But that is just what Blackburn is about to propose, that apostasy prevailed over Christ church until it was restored, although they do not mention that the CoC has it’s roots in the American Restoration Movement. Then Balckburn cites 1 Timothy 4:1-3 “Now the Spirit speaks expressly that in the latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons, speaking lies and hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron, forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.But this passage is talking about “latter times”, not early church history. And the verse says that some would depart from the faith. The verse does not support the idea of a total apostasy of the Christian Church. Also when Blackburn gives his chronology of the alleged apostasy he does not tell us when marriage was forbidden and when commands where given to abstain from foods which God had blessed. Other verses to consider Matthew 28:20 – “And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” and Ephesians 3:21 – “to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, forever and ever. Amen.” God forewarns of false teachers teaching false gospels but He says His church will prevail over the Gates of Hell.

apostasy_000The church did get to a point of needing to be reformed but did not need to be restored because the Gospel of Grace was not totally lost but rather distorted by the Roman Catholic Church. The central issue of the Protestant Reformation was Justification and whether it was by faith alone, or faith plus works. Reformer Martin Luther declared, “The doctrine of justification is the article by which the church stands or falls“. As Protestant Scholar Wayne Grudem says of the Protestant Reformation “When the good news of the gospel truly became the good news of totally free salvation in Jesus Christ, then it spread like wildfire throughout the civilized world. It was simply a recovery of the original gospel which declares, “the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Rom 6:23) and insist that “there is therefore no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus. (Rom 8:1)” Systematic Theology Pg. 729.

Mr. Blackburn goes on to say “history tells us that very early on there came along splinter groups who had ideas and doctrines contrary to that of the first century church and contrary to the doctrine that they had received and practiced. Some of these groups include: the Gnostics around A.D. 125, the Montanists around A.D. 156, the Manicheans around A.D. 244, and the Novations around A.D. 251“. After which he then says that a “meeting took place in A.D. 325 and history calls this event The Council of Nicea. This meeting gave rise to the first officially recognized departure from the original New Testament church“. When you look at both of these assertions the claims fall short. The Council of Nicea was not the first officially recognized departure from the NT Church. Rather the council met to confront and settle the Arian controversy concerning the divine nature of Jesus Christ. And the videos own timeline says the Roman Catholic Church had no official Pope until 606 A.D. so the councils ruling where not deemed official by anyone except the Christian Church (the Church of Christ) that was already existing, the papal authority structure of the RCC did not exist yet to officially recognize the ruling of the Nicean Council. And of the 4 early “splinter groups” that the video mentions are of no consequence because only the Montanist would be considered Christian as the other 3 groups where so far away from established Christian doctrine that they could not be deemed Christian groups even though they sprang from Christianity. In today terms the Gnostics, Manicheans and Novations would be considered non-Christian pseudo Cults. And the Monstanist where not heretical in their doctrine of salvation but rather have been deemed an early church forerunner of todays charismatics and they deal specifically with the issues of continuing revelation and prophecy.


The first thing to notice about the timeline is that the dominant and unbroken green line at the top is supposed to represent the hardline Church of Christ as the One True Church which allegedly has roots going all the way back to Acts 2. The reality is that the Church of Christ denomination came from American Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement of the late 19th century. Although hardline CoC’ers would deny being a denomination or being rooted in the Restoration Movement, it is clear that the CoC IS A DENOMINATION because to denominate is simply to name, and the first congregation in this movement to take the name “Church of Christ” was established in June of 1834 at Knob Creek, in southern Graves County, Kentucky. This church is still in active existence.

DenomOf second important to notice is that their timeline shows that the Church of Christ has at least 3 major divisions with The Disciples of Christ splitting from the CoC in 1830 and The Christian Church splitting in 1906. Notice the timeline thus excludes these two branches of the CoC as being real churches of Christ. The hardline CoC’s do not recognize The Christian Church or The Disciples of Christ as true churches of Christ over such trivial matters as whether musical instruments should be used in worship or not, and the use of missionary societies.

Also of importance to notice is that the video timeline presents the Northern Baptist Convention and the Southern Baptist Convention as different denominations that are supposed to teach different things. But the distinction between these two baptist conventions is not one of differing beliefs but one of geographical location. Both of these groups are a part of the Baptist tradition and are not distinct denominations. So they cannot be rightly be counted as two different churches. Also noted is that the United Methodist broke away from the mainline Methodist church in 1968, but a Methodist sub-denomination is still Methodist and part of the Methodist tradition and denomination, so again this does not constitute two different denominations or two different Methodist churches. Most important to note is that the timeline list the Holiness Movement and Calvinism as two different churches or denominations when these are movements, not denominations or churches. These factors show it’s clear that the creator of this timeline is more interested in presenting a slanted and hyper-inflated picture of denominationalism as totally schismatic than they are about correctly representing denominations as united in their core beliefs.


True ChurchTo answer this question we must first understand the nature of the Church, Body and Bride of Christ. The video we have been examining is based on a previous video by the same title of “Why Are There So Many Churches?” produced by hardline CoC author Micheal Shank. In the video that the video we have been examining is based on, Michael Shank says at 2:55 that the “Jesus built a physical church” and at 4:30 Shank says that the Church of Christ is a “blood bought Institution“. This is a woefully wrong understanding of the nature of the Lords church. Gods Church is not a physical structure with a sign on it. There is simply no Church buildings in the New Testament as believers met in each others houses. And the Church, Body and Bride of Christ is by no means an institution or even an organization. Rather it is an organically spiritual entity and as such believers do not even have to join a physical church or denomination to be saved. So please stay away from those Cults that say they are the One True Church and you must join them to be saved.

As mentioned above real Christianity is not about which group or denomination you join, rather is it about what the believer believes. If you believe orthodox Christian doctrine then your a Christian and you are saved by God’s grace through our Lord Jesus Christ. If you believe the following orthodox and biblical Christian doctrines then you are saved and will be with Christ in heaven for all eternity, no matter what denomination you belong to.

1. The Trinity 2. The full deity and humanity of Christ 3. The spiritual lostness (need for salvation) of the human race 4. The substitution atonement and bodily resurrection of Christ 5. Salvation by grace through faith alone in Christ alone.

If you do not believe even one of these essential doctrines then you still need to be saved because you are not in Christ, or His church, and you are still under condemnation. But if you believe these truths then you are saved and totally free to believe what you want in other doctrines and teachings that are not essential. If you know your a member of Christ church according to sound orthodox teaching then welcome to the Kingdom of God. If your not sure please click the picture below to see Gods Simple Plan of Salvation. Thank you for reading all of this and may God richly bless you for it – Damon Whitsell